The Wright Family in England
As far back as I have been able to trace the Wright family is Richard and Jane Wright.
They are my g-g-g-g-g-g-g-grandparents (7th  great-grandparents).
Richard and Jane Wright's children were Jane, Charles, Elizabeth and my 6th gr-grandfather, Richard, who was christened in 1723 in the Anglican Church in their home village of Caversham, Oxfordshire, England.
Caversham is about 40 miles west of London and is just across the River Thames from the city of Reading. 
In 1738 young Richard Wright, my 6th great-grandfather, was accepted as an apprentice to an Upholder in London. 
Upholder is a Middle English word for Upholsterer.  However, this trade also included the making and selling of furniture, cabinets, fabric, carpet or any other item that would furnish or decorate a home. This also included undertaking.
In today's terms an Upholder would be a maker of furniture and cabinets, a seller of household furnishings, a designer and interior decorator all rolled into one.
The famous English furniture maker Thomas Chippendale was an Upholder.  In fact, Chippendale was an Upholder during the same period as Richard Wright.
The Upholders were members in their own trade organization called The Worshipfull Company of Upholders.  Unless a person was a member of a trade organization, or Livery Companies as they were called, he or she could not conduct business within the City of London.
After a seven years apprenticeship Richard Wright was accepted into the Worshipfull Company of Upholders and was then free to conduct business as an Upholder in the City of London. 
In 1760 Richard Wright had his own business as Upholder and cabinet maker in Lower Moorfields, London.  His business establishment was called The White Lion.
In 1773 Richard took his eldest son, William Winter Wright (my 5th great-grandfather), as an apprentice.  Richard later took sons Joseph and Charles as apprentices along with other young men.
In 1792 Joseph Wright became his father's business partner at The White Lion on Number 8 Brokers Row, London.  Brokers Row was a high profile area for Upholders.
Trading as The White Lion, Richard Wrights business card was ornamented with a rampant lion in a rococo cartouche and has the following words printed on it:
Richard Wright
Upholder and Sworn Appraiser
at The White Lion in Lower Moorfields
London
Buys and sells all sorts of household goods as standing beds and bedding, chest of drawers, desks and bookcases, bouroe desks, card, dining breakfasting and dressing tables in mahogany, walnut tree or wainscot.  Chairs of all sorts, settee and bouroe bedsteads, sconces, peir, chimney and dressing glasses and carpets with all manner of upholstery and braisery goods, New and Old.
Also Funerals Furnished at the Lowest Prices
This business card is now held in the Banks Collection at the British Museum in London.  NOTE: The actual size of this card is about 5 1/5" x 8". 
In 1776 Richard Wright became Master of the Worshipfull Company of Upholders, the highest office attainable. 
The Worshipfull Company of Upholders has a website www.upholders.co.uk  .  It tells the history of the Upholders and has Master Richard Wright named in it.  This organization still exists and has since the 1300?s. 
Richard Wright is also listed in the book Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660 to 1840  by Geoffrey Beard and Christopher Gilbert.  This book was published in 1986.  I own a copy of this book.
In 1766 Richard Wright took out insurance from the Hand &Hand Company on a four story brick house in Moorfields, London.  He renewed the insurance in 1773.
Attached is a copy of the marriage register from Saint Leonards Anglican Church in Shoreditch, London, dated 1778 for William Winter Wright and Mary Crook.  It has the signatures of William Winter and Mary along with parents Richard and Elizabeth Wright. 
William Winter and Mary lived on Worship Street in London.  This street is just north of present day Liverpool Street Station.
This general area in London where the Wright family lived and worked begins about 1/2 mile north of London Bridge near Finsbury Circus.
If you will go online at  www.motco.com/map/81005  and then select Brokers Row, you can view a 1799 London map showing Brokers Row.   This map shows addresses and you can see #8 Brokers Row.  Later maps show this street as Bloomfield Place.
William Winter Wright (1st) and his wife Mary Crook had only two children; William Winter Wright (2nd) and his sister Ann Wright. The elder William Winter Wright died at a fairly young age on December 11, 1783.
Ann Wright married Harry William Hitchcock.  I do not know his profession.  However, one of their sons, Frederic Hitchcock, was a barrister-at-law (attorney).
William Winter Wright (2nd) became a stockbroker in London.
William Winter Wright (2nd) married Sarah Mullett.  NOTE: Sarah Mullett's sister, Sophia, married John Cowan.  John Cowan became Master of the Waxchandlers Company and in 1837 was elected Lord Mayor of London.  As Lord Mayor of London he officially welcomed the newly crowned Queen Victoria to the City of London.
William Winter and Sarah"s children;  Dr. Henry Hammond Wright, Mariah, Sarah and my gr-gr-gr-grandfather, James Charles Wright, emigrated to the United States.   Mary Ann, William Winter (the 3rd ), and Sophia remained in England.
Mary Ann Wright never married.  At the time of her death she owned two properties; one at No. 6 Goldstone Villas in the coastal city of Brighton and the other on Bandy-leg Walk in London.  Mary Ann died in 1882 and left written instructions to be buried in Norwood Cemetery, London.
Sophia Wright married William Pontifex and lived in Brighton, England.  A letter in the possession of my 3rd cousin, Susan Railey Koranchan, states that Sophia Pontifex founded a school for boys and Queen Victoria also had her to tea.  NOTE: Susan is the descendant of Dr. Henry Hammond Wright.  She lives in New Albany, IN.
I have no information regarding William Winter the 3rd, but I believe he either died young or remained in England.
According to another family letter, James Charles Wright along with his wife Elizabeth  and children Ann, Winter, James, William Henry and Charles, my gr-gr-grandfather, came to the United States in January, 1842 aboard the R.M.S. Britannia from Liverpool to the Port of Boston.   A fellow passenger on board ship was the famous British author Charles Dickens.  The old Winter Wright family album has a photo of Charles Dickens. The family also had a Dickens book signed by him.
James Charles" sisters, Mariah and Sarah also emigrated.  However, I believe they emigrated after the death of their mother, Sarah Mullett Wright, some years later.
Dr. Henry Hammond Wright and his family also immigrated to the United States in about 1851.  Dr. Wright practiced medicine in New Albany and Galena, Indiana and across the river in Louisville, Kentucky.
The first home of the James Charles Wright family in the United States was Pulaski County, Kentucky.  This is where the rest of their children were born; Edmond, George, Christopher and John.  The family also lived in Louisville at some point in time.
In 1857 he bought a 237 acre farm near Hustonville, Lincoln County, Kentucky.  James Charles also bought a warehouse in Hustonville.  Tobacco was and still is a major crop for this area.
After James Charles Wright died in 1875, his youngest son, John, acquired the family property from the heirs.
Ann Wright married James Albert Gastineau.  They lived out their lives around central Kentucky.
Winter Wright married his cousin Emma Sophia Byne Wright and they remained in Kentucky.  They are Susan Koranchan?s great-grandparents.
James Bishop Wright married Margaret Williams.  They were living in Johnson County, Missouri in 1880 and in Benton County, Arkansas in 1887.  I don't have any further information about them.
William Henry Wright married Margaret Moran and they lived out their lives in Kentucky.
Edmond (or Edmund) Wright married Emiline Thurza Williams.  They were last recorded as living in Benton County, Arkansas in 1887.  I found their graves in the Barron Cemetery in rural Benton County and have a photograph of their headstone.
Christopher Wright married Charlotte Jenkins.  They were living in Chicago, Illinois in 1900. Christopher worked at the J.B. Long Mfg. Company in Chicago.   They had two daughters; Ruby and Jessie. Christopher died in Chicago December 12, 1914 and Charlotte died there May 29, 1938.
I do not know the marital status of George Wright or if he had any children.
John Albert Wright was a bachelor.  He took over the old Wright family farm one mile from Hustonville, Kentucky.  John was killed in an agricultural accident in 1906.
I have limited information regarding the children of James Bishop Wright, William Henry Wright and Edmond Wright.
Charles Wright, was born in England in 1839. He was three years old when the family emigrated to the United States.  His history follows.                                                                                       
The Civil War
The 1860 US Census for Lincoln County, Kentucky lists James Wright as a farmer and property owner with his real estate values at nearly $17,000.  Also listed was his son, Charles Wright, still living with his parents and showing an occupation as a "tinner".
It should be noted that slavery was common in pre-war Kentucky, but the 1860 census lists no slaves for James C. Wright.
In the summer of 1861 Charles Wright was among the first volunteers for the Union.  In late July while attending an enlistment rally in the neighboring town of Bradfordsville, Charles enrolled in the newly formed First Kentucky Cavalry.  Enough men were recruited at that rally to form two companies;  Company A and Company B.  Charles was assigned to Company B.
These recruits were officially enlisted at Camp Dick Robinson near Danville, Kentucky on August 6, 1861 and signed for a three years enlistment.
The First Kentucky Cavalry soon grew to 12 companies with Colonel Frank Wolford as commanding officer.  The First Kentucky Cavalry was also known as Wolford's Cavalry.  This unit became part of The Army of the Cumberland.
If you are interested in reading more about the First Kentucky Cavalry there is a book 'The Wild Riders of the First Kentucky Cavalry' by Eastham Tarrant.  This book title sounds like an old 'B' western movie, but it is a factual account of the 1st Kentucky written by a sergeant in this cavalry (Tarrant).  It was originally written in the 1890?s but has been reprinted several times over the years because it names all soldiers and is a valuable source for genealogists.  I own a copy of this book.
The post war years
On February 25, 1868, Charles Wright married Ann Catharine ?Katie? Goode in Lincoln County, Kentucky.  They are my great-great-grandparents.
Charles and Katie had seven children;  Charles Rufus, Jesse Houston, Sallie, Elizabeth Ellen, Luther, Bertha and James Franklin Wright, my great-grandfather..
Charles moved his family to Missouri in the 1870's where Luther and their last child, Bertha, was born.
Katie died in Andrew County, Missouri on April 12, 1882.  Charles became a widower with 7 children aged 2 through 13.
Charles married his second wife, Mary Anderson, in Mt. Vernon, Missouri in 1887.  Two more wives, Elizabeth Gericke and Laura Kerr were to follow in procession.  I have not found any information regarding children from these other marriages.
Charles Wright settled in the town of Miller, Lawrence County, Missouri where he remained until his death on September 27, 1923.  The attending doctor listed his cause of death as cirrhosis of the liver.  He is buried near Miller in the Davis Cemetery.
Wrights in Oklahoma Territory
After the second opening of the Indian lands of Oklahoma Territory in 1891 that  included Lincoln, Pottawatomie and southeastern Payne Counties, brothers Charles Rufus, James Franklin, Jesse and Luther came to claim land.
"Rufe", James and Luther farmed.  Jesse was a businessman and for a time was justice of the peace in Sparks.
Luther died on June 21, 1910 at the age of 31 from a condition known as "Brights Disease", an inflamation of the kidneys.  Luther left a widow, Lula, and a young daughter, Flossie. 
Charles Rufus Wright relinquished his land claim near Sparks.  In 1901 he took land in the newly opened Kiowa and Caddo Indian land near Carnegie, Oklahoma.  This is where he lived out his life.  "Rufe", as he was called by relatives, died in 1948.
Jesse was a businessman dealing with oil and gas leases.  He died in Chandler, Lincoln County, Oklahoma in 1943.
Bertha married Joseph Benjamin Hinkle in 1900 in Lawrenceburg, MO.  They moved to Washington state and lived out their lives.
Sallie Wright married Milton Sherman Ginn.  Sallie and Milton lived their lives in Miller, Lawrence County, Missouri.  Milton Ginn was an attorney.  Sallie died in 1949 and is buried just outside Miller.
NOTE:  Sallie Wright Ginn"s daughter-in-law, Rosemary, was appointed US Ambassador to Luxembourg during President Gerald Ford's administration.  She was the wife of Stanley Ginn, himself being the Superintendent of the Missouri Highway Patrol for a period of time.
Elizabeth Ellen Wright married William Scott Mason.
My great-grandfather, James Franklin Wright, married Mary Samantha Candecia "Deca" Logue on October 28, 1895 in Lincoln County, Oklahoma Territory. 
On February 8, 1896, James Franklin Wright filed homestead for lots 1 and 2 of Section 18 consisting of 80 acres on the south edge of Sparks.
In 1906 James Franklin Wright bought an additional 120 acres about two miles east of Sparks.
James and Deca had only two children; Leslie Warren and my grandfather, Charles Wesley.  Both boys grew up in Sparks and made homes for their families on their father's  "home place" east of Sparks.
James Franklin Wright died on December 3, 1931 from complications to a head injury.  The story is told that he was unhitching a mule from a single tree when the mule kicked and struck him in the head.  The injury was not immediately fatal.  James felt well enough to attend a sale a few days later where he collapsed and died shortly after.
Deca died at home sitting at her breakfast table on December 14, 1937.  Her cause of death was listed as cerebral hemmorage.
Both James and Deca are buried in the White Dove Cemetery south and east of Sparks.
                                                                                       by  Calvin James Wright  
                                                                                             3005 Priscilla
                                                                                             Cushing, Oklahoma  74023
 
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